Cannabidiol definition is - a crystalline, nonintoxicating cannabinoid C21H30O2 found in cannabis and hemp that is sometimes used medicinally —called also CBD. How to use , in the meaning defined above. CBD definition is - a nonintoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis and hemp: cannabidiol. How to use of CBD. Noun. , in the meaning defined above. CBD definition: 1. abbreviation for cannabidiol: 2. abbreviation for central business district: 3. abbreviation for central business district. Learn more.
pronunciation dictionary definition cbd
A non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. After tetrahydrocannabinol THC , cannabidiol CBD is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant, and has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety and seizure-suppressant properties.
Cannabidiol can be sourced from both marijuana plants and hemp plants, which are legal in most countries as they contain minor amounts of THC. The phytocannabinoid cannabidiol CBD , is a non-intoxicating molecule that results from the heating, or decarboxylation , of cannabidiolic acid, or CBDA.
As popular as CBD has become in both the cannabis community and mainstream consumerism, its natural precursor, CBDA, is one of unique cannabinoids found in cannabis. To date, scientists have discovered more than a dozen different mechanisms of action, or ways that CBD affect us.
Much more research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms by which CBD relieves ailments such as anxiety and seizures. CBD directly interacts with a number of proteins in the body and central nervous system, a few of which are components of the endogenous cannabinoid system. CBD binds to all of these, and many of its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects may occur through these pathways. It also acts at the peroxisome proliferator activated receptors PPARs , which halt the proliferation of cancer cells and convey neuro- and cardioprotection.
CBD has powerful effects on the liver as well. Have you ever had a prescription that warns you not to take the medicine along with grapefruit? CBD does the same thing , so it is wise to discuss your medication regimen with a doctor or pharmacist before engaging in CBD therapy. This phenomenon of cannabis-derived molecules working better together than they do in isolation is commonly referred to as the entourage effect. Consumers report using CBD for a huge variety of health and wellness reasons, but a lot more research is needed to determine which symptoms and ailments it works best for.
Currently, there are more than 40 clinical trials enrolling patients to examine the effectiveness of CBD for a variety of diseases, including substance use disorder, chronic pain, post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD , depression, schizophrenia, and many others. Most importantly, CBD is incredibly safe, and not addictive. The most common side effect of high-dose CBD is sleepiness. Some very good medical and scientific research has been conducted for the following conditions.
Inhibiting the absorption of this compound shunts excess quantities into the bloodstream that in turn reduces pain. In both humans and animal models, CBD has been shown to have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties. Clinical trials have shown that CBD is effective at reducing seizures in children, and the FDA is likely to approve Epidiolex, a pharmaceutical-grade version of CBD for this use, in summer Not enough studies have been conducted to understand this relationship fully.
In , researchers conducted a comprehensive review to get at the heart of CBD and its intervention of addictive behaviors. These researchers gathered 14 studies, nine 9 of which involved animals, while the remaining five 5 involved humans, to find that CBD may indeed have therapeutic properties on opioid, cocaine, and psychostimulant addiction. Further, studies heavily suggest that CBD may also be beneficial in the treatment of marijuana and tobacco addiction. One reason that CBD may be effective as treatment for addictive disorders is its ability to ease the anxiety that leads people to crave drugs like heroin.
At sufficient doses mg , CBD can alleviate situational anxiety, such as public speaking. Interestingly, cannabis cultivars, or strains, that are high in CBD and low in THC are better than other cultivars for alleviating depression. But when used over a long period of time, any kind of cannabis could make depression worse. There is a massive amount of scientific research being done on CBD right now, and we are likely to see many medical breakthroughs in the next decade.
It found that extract taken from whole plant CBD-rich cannabis is therapeutically superior to single-molecule extract. The scientists behind this study noticed that science had been utilizing pure, single-molecule CBD, which resulted in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. The study from Israel essentially documented the synergistic effects of whole plant cannabinoid profiles; as noted above, this is the entourage effect.
The difference here, however, is that this most recent study dove into what extent whole-plant CBD can be more therapeutic than single-molecule CBD extract. Although both hemp and marijuana are cannabis, hemp produces less than 0.
This means that producing a single 10 mL dose of CBD would require the cultivation and extraction of far more hemp than it would from whole-plant marijuana; thus raising the risk of exposing users to more contaminants. Also, CBD derived from industrial hemp lacks the the incredibly diverse profile of different cannabinoids and terpenes found in whole-plant marijuana. CBD derived from hemp boasts a greatly weaker entourage effect. Federal law in the United States prohibits the use of hemp leaves and flowers to make drug products.
In this case, the differences between industrial hemp and whole-plant marijuana are far less significant. Consumers should be aware that a handful of hemp products on the market pay lip service to governmental regulations by labeling themselves as hemp, despite containing cannabinoids and terpenoids. A potent pain-reliever, Cannatonic hails from Spain and stands as one of the earliest cultivars to be bred for its high CBD content.
This cultivar is a cross between MK Ultra and G13 Haze, and it helps relieves anxiety, muscle spasms, pain, and migraines while providing uplifting energy. Cannatonic tends to relax and loosen muscles without locking users to their couches. This cultivar was bred by crossing classic landraces from Nepal, Switzerland, and Thailand. It smells of a fresh pine forest dotted with hints of cherry. Harlequin helps mute pain and stress without fogging the mind. This cultivar typically sports a 1: CBD was isolated from the cannabis plant in , and its chemical structure was established in Cannabidiol is the generic name of the drug and its INN.
Selective breeding of cannabis plants has expanded and diversified as commercial and therapeutic markets develop. Some growers in the U. Various strains of "medical marijuana" are found to have a significant variation in the ratios of CBD-to-THC, and are known to contain other non-psychotropic cannabinoids. The Colorado Industrial Hemp Program registers growers of industrial hemp and samples crops to verify that the dry-weight THC concentration does not exceed 0. Cannabidiol is not scheduled under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances or any other UN drug treaty.
In addition, in the Drug Enforcement Administration added "marijuana extracts" to the list of Schedule I drugs , which it defined as "an extract containing one or more cannabinoids that has been derived from any plant of the genus Cannabis , other than the separated resin whether crude or purified obtained from the plant. In September , following its approval by the FDA for rare types of childhood epilepsy,  Epidiolex was rescheduled by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule V drug to allow for its prescription use.
The Farm Bill  legalized the sale of "non-viable hemp material" grown within states participating in the Hemp Pilot Program. Prescription medicine Schedule 4 for therapeutic use containing 2 per cent 2. A schedule 4 drug under the SUSMP is Prescription Only Medicine, or Prescription Animal Remedy — Substances, the use or supply of which should be by or on the order of persons permitted by State or Territory legislation to prescribe and should be available from a pharmacist on prescription.
It is also a prescription medicine under the Medicines Act. In the rules were changed so that anyone wanting to use it could go to the Health Ministry for approval.
Prior to this, the only way to obtain a prescription was to seek the personal approval of the Minister of Health. Associate Health Minister Peter Dunne said restrictions would be removed, which means a doctor will now be able to prescribe cannabidiol to patients. On October 17, , cannabidiol became legal for recreational and medical use. Several industrial hemp varieties can be legally cultivated in Western Europe. CBD is classified as a medical product in Sweden.
Cannabidiol, in an oral-mucosal spray formulation combined with deltatetrahydrocannabinol, is a product available by prescription only until for relief of severe spasticity due to multiple sclerosis where other anti- spasmodics have not been effective.
Until , products containing cannabidiol marketed for medical purposes were classed as medicines by the UK regulatory body , the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency MHRA and could not be marketed without regulatory approval for the medical claims.
A literature review indicated that cannabidiol was under basic research to identify its possible neurological effects,  although as of [update] , there was limited high-quality evidence for such effects in people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Cannabinol or Cannabinodiol.
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Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. CBD. uk How to pronounce CBD noun in British English. us How to pronounce. Define CBD (noun) and get synonyms. What is CBD (noun)? CBD (noun) meaning, pronunciation and more by Macmillan Dictionary. Definition of cannabidiol - a compound that is one of the main constituents of cannabis, having mild psychoactive effects. Pronunciation.